Sarcomas are the malignant tumours of soft tissue and bone. It arises from connective tissue which includes muscle, fat, blood vessels, nerves etc. The different types of sarcoma are classified according to the part of the body from which they arise.
People of all ages can develop a sarcoma. However certain types of sarcoma are more prevalent n certain age groups. Hence it would pay to know about the different types of sarcoma so that you can know what to expect if there is chance of the conditions developing inside you. This condition is quite serious and you should always go to a hospital that has prior experience in handling such cases like a sarcoma cancer centre and receive correct sarcoma info.
The different types of sarcoma are Liposarcoma, Fibrosarcoma, myosarcoma, osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, ewing’s sarcoma, Kaposi sarcoma, lymphosarcoma, Soft tissue sarcoma, Uterine sarcoma.
Liposarcoma is arises out of fat and it especially occurs in the thigh. Fibrosarcoma, as the name suggests, arises out of the fibrous tissues. The causes of this type of sarcoma are the same as regular causes of cancer which is due to the mutations within the genes of cells. Myosarcoma arises from the muscle. Osteosarcoma is the cancer of the bone. Chondrosarcoma and Ewing’s sarcoma are types of bone sarcoma. Chondrosarcoma affect the bone cartilage while Ewing’s sarcoma affects the limb bones through tumours. Kaposi Sarcoma is caused due to a herpesvirus that mainly affects the skin but it can also affect the lymph nodes, internal organs and mucosal areas. Lymphosarcoma is the cancer involving the lymph nodes and the immune system. Soft tissue sarcoma is a rare type of sarcoma that affects the soft tissues of the body which are muscles, nerves, blood vessels and fat. They can occur anywhere is the body and the symptoms in the later stages depend upon the affected region. Uterine sarcoma is another one of the different types of sarcoma which is quite rare and which affects the uterus and other associated area.
As you can see, there are many different types of sarcoma. Each has its own set of symptoms and the affected areas are also different. The area which the sarcoma affects depends upon which organ or which tissue the sarcoma affects. Sarcoma is a complicated disease to cure. The course of any treatment of sarcoma may include surgery, chemotherapy etc. This kind of treatment requires the close collaboration of several health care providers.
Some of the other types of sarcoma are Desmoid tumours, Synovial Sarcoma, Gastrointestinal stromal tumours. As the name suggests, gastrointestinal stromal tumours affect the digestive system. This is different to the other types of sarcoma and hence is treated differently too. Synovial Sarcoma starts in the joints such as knees and elbows and then spreads to the rest of the body. They usually look like huge lumps and are more common in adults who are young. As said before, this type of cancer is serious and requires treatment by experienced doctors or physicians so that the accurate diagnosis can be provided.