Prostate cancer symptoms, cause and complications

Prostate cancer is a cancer of prostate gland, a small walnut-size organ that makes up part of a man’s reproductive system. It is one of the most common types of cancer that occurs when the cells in the prostate gland grow out of control. Depending on the severity of prostate cancer, the treatment is recommended by the doctor, which includes cryotherapy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy and radiations.
Symptoms of prostate cancer
It is sad to know that prostate cancer show no signs and symptoms at early stage. As the disease progresses, at an advance stage patient may have –
* Trouble urinating – Prostate cancer can cause painful urination
* Blood in urine – Patient with prostate cancer may notice blood streaks or clots in their urine
* Decrease force in the stream of urine
* Blood in semen – Due to prostate cancer, blood is present in the semen
* Swelling in the legs
* Bone pain – when the cancer spreads to bones, it causes problems in bones
* Discomfort in the pelvic area
Complications in prostate cancer
* Cancer spreads – Prostate cancer can spread to nearby organs and can even travel to bones or other organs through your bloodstream. Once the cancer reaches an advanced stage, it shows the signs and symptoms like weakness, fatigue and weight loss. Prostate cancer can grow, leading in blockage of ureter tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. This may cause kidney problem.
* Erectile dysfunction – Prostate cancer can cause erectile dysfunction.
* Incontinence – Prostate cancer can cause urinary incontinence. Patient loses the ability to control one’s bowel or bladder function.
Causes of prostate cancer
The causes of prostate cancer are not known. It occurs when cells in prostate gland gets abnormal. Mutations in abnormal cells DNA causes the cell to grow and divide rapidly than normal cells do. The abnormal cell continues to grow even if there is no requirement. The accumulating abnormal cells form a tumour that can grow to invade nearby tissue. Some of the abnormal cells may break off and spread to other body parts.
Risk factors of prostate cancer
* Older age – The risk of prostate cancer increases as you age. The cancer is most common in men older than 65.
* Family history – An individual is at higher risk of prostate cancer if men in his family have had a prostate cancer.
* Obesity – Obese men detected with prostate cancer may be more likely to have advanced disease that’s more difficult to treat.
As at early stage, prostate cancer shows no signs and symptoms, but if you experience any discomfort in urinations, consult urologist immediately. Depending on the severity of the cancer, treatment will be suggested by the doctor.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *